模板:Citation

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模板:For2 模板:High-risk 模板:Citation Style documentation/lua The Citation template generates a citation for a book, periodical, contribution in a collective work, or a web page. It determines the citation type by examining which parameters are used. As with other citation templates, this template can be used either in a footnote (between @Ref: tags) or in a section that lists sources. This template uses the same Lua code as citation style 1 (CS1) templates with parameters to change the displayed format to citation style 2 (CS2).

If the correct parameters are used, this template produces output identical to that of the Cite templates, such as {{Cite book}} and {{Cite web}}, with one important exception: By default, this Citation template uses commas in places where the Cite templates use periods (full stops) by default; either type of template can use periods (full stops) or commas by using an optional parameter. Also, this template by default generates anchors for Harvard references whereas the Cite templates by default do not (although they can be made to do so).

Regardless of which citation templates are used or even if none are used at all, all citations should have the same format throughout an article in the saved, rendered text.

Note: All parameter names must be lowercase.

Simple citations[Gāi nguòng-mā]

This section covers the most commonly used parameters. You can copy the horizontal form or vertical form below and then add in extra parameters from the full list. Spacing and ordering of the parameters within the template is irrelevant and does not affect the final, rendered text.

{{Citation |last= |first= |year= |title= |publisher= |publication-place= |page= |url= |accessdate= }}

{{Citation
| last       =
| first      =
| year       =
| title      =
| publisher  =
| publication-place =
| page       =
| url        =
| accessdate =
}}
  • last: The author's surname or last name. Don't use with the author parameter.
  • first: The author's first or given name(s).
  • year: Year of authorship or publication. Mandatory for use with links from Template:Harvard citation, unless |date= specifies both month and year.
  • title: Title of the work. Mandatory for web references.
  • publisher: The name of the publisher. Omit terms such as Publishers, Co., Inc., Ltd., etc., but retain the words Books or Press. Not normally included where the publication is a periodical which has its own Wikipedia article (e.g. Newsweek, Billboard).
    • publication-place (or place or location): The city of publication. If more than one town/city is listed on the title page, give the first one or the location of the publisher's head office. Omit when the publication is a periodical whose name specifies the location (e.g. The New York Times, The Times of India)
  • page: For use when one page is cited. Adds "p." before the page number. Do not use with pages.
  • url: A url of an online location where the item can be found. If the url includes double quotes, these must be encoded as "%22".
    • accessdate: Date[n 1] when the url was accessed.

Example[Gāi nguòng-mā]

{{Citation
| last      = Turner
| first     = Orsamus
| title     = History of the pioneer settlement of
Phelps and Gorham's purchase, and Morris' reserve
| publisher = William Alling
| place     = Rochester, New York
| year      = 1851
| ol        = 7120924W
}}
Turner, Orsamus. History of the pioneer settlement of Phelps and Gorham's purchase, and Morris' reserve. Rochester, New York: William Alling. 1851. OL 7120924W. 

Full citation parameters[Gāi nguòng-mā]

These can be used for all types of publication. All are optional and indentation is used simply to group related items — these may be mutually exclusive where indicated. Some hyphenated names can also be placed without hyphens.

{{Citation
| author  =
| last    =
| first   =
| author2 =
| last2   =
| first2  =
| author-link  =
| author2-link =
| author-separator =
| author-name-separator =
| author-mask =
| display-authors =
| editor        =
| editor-last   =
| editor-first  =
| editor2       =
| editor2-last  =
| editor2-first =
| editor-link   =
| editor2-link  =
| translator-last =
| translator-first =
| translator-link = 
| translator2-last =
| translator2-first =
| translator2-link =
| others   =
| publication-date =
| date     =
| year     =
| origyear =
| title    =
| chapter  =
| chapter-url  =
| chapter-format  =
| contribution =
| contribution-url =
| type    =
| journal =
| periodical =
| newspaper  =
| magazine   =
| encyclopedia =
| work =
| edition =
| series  =
| volume  =
| issue   =
| publisher =
| publication-place =
| place    =
| language =
| page  =
| pages =
| nopp  =
| at   =
| id   =
| isbn =
| issn =
| oclc =
| pmid =
| pmc  =
| bibcode =
| doi =
| doi-inactive-date=
| zbl =
| url =
| accessdate  =
| format      =
| archiveurl  =
| archivedate =
| dead-url    =
| quote      =
| layurl =
| laysource  =
| laydate    =
| separator  =
| postscript =
| ref =
}}

Parameters[Gāi nguòng-mā]

Syntax[Gāi nguòng-mā]

模板:Citation Style documentation/syntax

模板:Citation Style documentation/sep comma

COinS[Gāi nguòng-mā]

模板:Citation Style documentation/coins

Deprecated[Gāi nguòng-mā]

模板:Citation Style documentation/deprecated

Description[Gāi nguòng-mā]

Authors[Gāi nguòng-mā]

模板:Citation Style documentation/author

Editors[Gāi nguòng-mā]

模板:Citation Style documentation/editor

Title[Gāi nguòng-mā]

模板:Citation Style documentation/title 模板:Citation Style documentation/chapter 模板:Citation Style documentation/type 模板:Citation Style documentation/language

Date[Gāi nguòng-mā]

模板:Citation Style documentation/date

Periodical[Gāi nguòng-mā]

模板:Citation Style documentation/journal

Publisher[Gāi nguòng-mā]

模板:Citation Style documentation/publisher

Edition, series, volume[Gāi nguòng-mā]

模板:Citation Style documentation/edition 模板:Citation Style documentation/series 模板:Citation Style documentation/volume

In-source locations[Gāi nguòng-mā]

模板:Citation Style documentation/pages

URL[Gāi nguòng-mā]

模板:Citation Style documentation/url

Chapter URL[Gāi nguòng-mā]

模板:Citation Style documentation/chapterurl

Anchor[Gāi nguòng-mā]

模板:Citation Style documentation/ref2

Identifiers[Gāi nguòng-mā]

模板:Citation Style documentation/id1 模板:Citation Style documentation/id2

Quote[Gāi nguòng-mā]

模板:Citation Style documentation/quote

Laysummary[Gāi nguòng-mā]

模板:Citation Style documentation/lay

Display options[Gāi nguòng-mā]

模板:Citation Style documentation/display

Subscription or registration required[Gāi nguòng-mā]

模板:Citation Style documentation/registration

Examples[Gāi nguòng-mā]

Books[Gāi nguòng-mā]

Three authors, a volume, and an edition. Ampersand (&) forced before final author's name.
{{Citation
| last1  = Lincoln
| first1 = A.
| last2  = Washington
| first2 = G.
| last3  = Adams
| first3 = J.
| lastauthoramp = yes
| title     = All the Presidents' Names
| publisher = The Pentagon
| place     = Home Base, New York
| volume  = XII
| edition = 2nd
| year    = 2007
}}
Lincoln, A.; Washington, G. & Adams, J. All the Presidents' Names XII 2nd. Home Base, New York: The Pentagon. 2007. 

Web[Gāi nguòng-mā]

Web page
{{Citation
| url   = http://nrhp.focus.nps.gov/
| title = NPS Focus
| work  = National Register of Historic Places
| publisher  = [[National Park Service]]
| accessdate = November 30, 2010
| ref = none
}}
NPS Focus. National Register of Historic Places (National Park Service). [November 30, 2010]. 
Archived page
{{Citation
| url = http://liftoff.msfc.nasa.gov/academy/space/atmosphere.html
| title = Earth's Atmosphere
| accessdate = October 25, 2007
| publisher  = [[National Aeronautics and Space Administration]]
| year   = 1995
| author = NASA
| archiveurl = https://web.archive.org/web/20071013232332/http://
liftoff.msfc.nasa.gov/academy/space/atmosphere.html
| archivedate = October 13, 2007
}}
NASA. Earth's Atmosphere. National Aeronautics and Space Administration. 1995 [October 25, 2007]. (nguòng-sṳ̄ nô̤i-ṳ̀ng còng-dŏng diŏh October 13, 2007). 

Journals, newspapers, magazines, or other periodicals[Gāi nguòng-mā]

Journal article
{{Citation
| last  = Hill
| first = Marvin S.
| title = Joseph Smith and the 1826
Trial: New Evidence and New
Difficulties
| journal = BYU Studies
| volume  = 12
| issue   = 2
| year    = 1976
| pages   = 1–8
| url     = https://byustudies.byu.edu/shop/PDFSRC/12.2Hill.pdf
}}
Hill, Marvin S. Joseph Smith and the 1826 Trial: New Evidence and New Difficulties. BYU Studies. 1976, 12 (2): 1–8. 
Journal article with multiple authors and identifier
{{Citation
| last1  = Mandelkern
| first1 = M,
| last2  = Elias
| first2 = J,
| last3  = Eden
| first3 = D,
| last4  = Crothers
| first4 = D
| display-authors = 2
| title   = The dimensions of DNA in solution
| journal = J Mol Biol
| volume  = 152
| issue   = 1
| pages   = 153–161
| year    = 1981
| pmid    = 7338906
| doi     = 10.1016/0022-2836(81)90099-1
}}
Mandelkern, M,; Elias, J, et al. The dimensions of DNA in solution. J Mol Biol. 1981, 152 (1): 153–161. PMID 7338906. doi:10.1016/0022-2836(81)90099-1. 
Newspaper article
{{Citation
| last  = Smith
| first = Joseph III
| author-link = Joseph Smith III
| title = Last Testimony of Sister Emma
| newspaper = The Saints' Herald
| publication-place = Plano, IL
| volume = 26
| issue  = 19
| date   = October 1, 1879

| page   = 289
| url    = http://www.sidneyrigdon.com/dbroadhu/
IL/sain1872.htm#100179
}}
Smith, Joseph III. Last Testimony of Sister Emma. The Saints' Herald (Plano, IL). October 1, 1879, 26 (19): 289. 

Conference papers and public lectures[Gāi nguòng-mā]

Conference paper
{{Citation
| last   = Sullivan
| first  = D.B.
| contribution = Time and frequency measurement
 at NIST: The first 100 years
| year   = 2001
| title  = 2001 IEEE Int'l Frequency Control Symp.
| publisher = National Institute of Standards and Technology
| contribution-url = http://tf.nist.gov/timefreq/general/pdf/1485.pdf
| chapter-format = PDF
}}
Sullivan, D.B. Time and frequency measurement at NIST: The first 100 years//2001 IEEE Int'l Frequency Control Symp. National Institute of Standards and Technology. 2001.  已經忽略未知參數|chapter-format= (幫助)
Lecture
{{Citation
| last   = Habicht
| first  = Christian
| contribution = Hellenistic Athens and her Philosophers
| year   = 1988
| title  = David Magie Lecture, Princeton University Program in the History, Archaeology, and Religions of the Ancient World
| publisher = Princeton University
| page=14 
}}
Habicht, Christian. Hellenistic Athens and her Philosophers//David Magie Lecture, Princeton University Program in the History, Archaeology, and Religions of the Ancient World. Princeton University. 14. 1988. 

Parts of books, including encyclopedia articles[Gāi nguòng-mā]

Manuscript published in an edited compilation
{{Citation
| last  = Bidamon
| first = Emma Smith
| author-link = Emma Hale Smith
| chapter = Letter to Emma S. Pilgrim
| date = March 27, 1876
| editor-last  = Vogel
| editor-first = Dan
| title  = Early Mormon Documents
| volume = 1
| publisher = Signature Books
| publication-date = 1996
| isbn = 1-56085-072-8
}}
Bidamon, Emma Smith. Letter to Emma S. Pilgrim//In Vogel, Dan. Early Mormon Documents 1. Signature Books. March 27, 1876 (1996). ISBN 1-56085-072-8. 
Work with an editor but no author
{{Citation
| editor-last  = Vogel
| editor-first = Dan
| title  = Early Mormon Documents
| volume = 1
| publisher = Signature Books
| publication-date = 1996
| isbn = 1-56085-072-8
}}
Vogel, Dan (piĕng). Early Mormon Documents 1. Signature Books. 1996. ISBN 1-56085-072-8. 
Encyclopedia article by a named author
{{Citation
| last  = Kramer
| first = Martin
| author-link  = Martin Kramer
| year=1999
| title = Bernard Lewis
| editor-last  = Boyd
| editor-first = Kelley
| encyclopedia = Encyclopedia of Historians and Historical Writing
| volume = 1
| pages  = 719–720
| location = London
| publisher = Fitzroy Dearborn
| url = http://www.geocities.com/martinkramerorg/BernardLewis.htm
}}
Kramer, Martin. Bernard Lewis. In Boyd, Kelley. Encyclopedia of Historians and Historical Writing (London: Fitzroy Dearborn). 1999, 1: 719–720. 
Encyclopedia article with no named author
{{Citation
| title = Bernard Lewis
| editor-last = Boyd
| editor-first = Kelley
| year = 1999
| encyclopedia = Encyclopedia of Historians
and Historical Writing
| volume = 1
| pages = 719–720
| publisher = Fitzroy Dearborn
| location = London
| url = http://www.geocities.com/martinkramerorg/BernardLewis.htm
}}
Bernard Lewis. Boyd, Kelley (piĕng). Encyclopedia of Historians and Historical Writing (London: Fitzroy Dearborn). 1999, 1: 719–720. 

Republications, or edited quotations in a periodical article[Gāi nguòng-mā]

Manuscript edited and published in a journal
{{Citation
| last = Knight
| first = Joseph, Sr.
| year = 1833
| editor-last = Jessee
| editor-first = Dean
| title = Joseph Knight's Recollection
of Early Mormon History
| journal = BYU Studies
| volume = 17
| issue = 1
| publication-date = 1976
| page = 35
| url = https://byustudies.byu.edu/shop/PDFSRC/17.1Jessee.pdf
}}
Knight, Joseph, Sr. Joseph Knight's Recollection of Early Mormon History. In Jessee, Dean. BYU Studies. 1833, 17 (1): 35 (1976). 
Manuscript written at one date and place, then published in a periodical at a different date and place with commentary by the editor.
{{Citation
| last = Klingensmith
| first = Philip
| type = Affidavit
| date = September 5, 1872
| place = Lincoln County, Nevada
| title = Mountain Meadows Massacre
| editor-last = Toohy
| editor-first = Dennis J.
| journal = Corinne Daily Reporter
| publication-date = September 24, 1872
| publication-place = Corinne, Utah
| volume = 5
| issue = 252
| page = 1
| url = http://udn.lib.utah.edu/u?/corinne,5359
}}
Klingensmith, Philip. Mountain Meadows Massacre. In Toohy, Dennis J. Corinne Daily Reporter, Affidavit (Corinne, Utah) siā diŏh Lincoln County, Nevada. September 5, 1872, 5 (252): 1 (September 24, 1872). 

Press release[Gāi nguòng-mā]

Press release with quotation
{{Citation
| url = https://www.apple.com/pr/library/2010/04/05ipad.html
| title = Apple Sells Over 300,000 iPads First Day
| publisher = Apple Inc
| accessdate = April 10, 2010
| quote = in the US as of midnight Saturday, April 3
| ref = none}}
Apple Sells Over 300,000 iPads First Day. Apple Inc. [April 10, 2010]. "in the US as of midnight Saturday, April 3" 

Anchored citations[Gāi nguòng-mā]

This template can generate a citation that can be combined with shortened footnotes or parenthetical referencing. It does this by creating an HTML anchor containing an ID. The special parameter |ref=harv generates an ID suitable for Harvard referencing templates such as {{harv}} as specified in the next section; this is the default for the {{citation}} template.

To disable anchor generation, specify |ref=none (in contrast, other Cite templates such as {{cite book}} and {{cite news}} do not create an anchor by default). You can also specify the ID directly, using the |ref=ID parameter. For example, suppose an article's References section contains the markup:

  • {{Citation |author=Sigmund Freud |title=Civilization and Its Discontents |year=1930 |ref=CivDis}}

which generates the citation:

  • Sigmund Freud. Civilization and Its Discontents. 1930. 

Then, the markup "([[#CivDis|Freud 1930]])" generates a parenthetical reference "(Freud 1930)" containing a wikilink to the citation (try clicking on the wikilink).

Anchors for Harvard referencing templates[Gāi nguòng-mā]

IDs compatible with Harvard referencing templates such as {{harv}} are computed from the last names of the authors (or editors, if no authors are given) and the year of the cited source. For example, the markup "{{harv|Wright|Evans|1851|p=ix}}" generates the Harvard reference "(Wright & Evans 1851, p. ix)", which wikilinks to the citation whose markup and appearance are shown below:

  • {{Citation |last1=Wright |first1=Thomas |last2=Evans |first2=R. H. |title=Historical and Descriptive Account of the Caricatures of James Gillray |location=London |publisher=Henry G. Bohn |year=1851 |oclc=59510372}}
  • Wright, Thomas; Evans, R. H. Historical and Descriptive Account of the Caricatures of James Gillray. London: Henry G. Bohn. 1851. OCLC 59510372. 

In this example the {{citation}} template defines, and the {{harv}} template uses, the HTML ID "CITEREFWrightEvans1851", composed by concatenating the string "CITEREF" with the last names of the authors and the year. The {{harvid}} template can be used to generate such IDs, for example, {{harvid|Wright|Evans|1851}} generates "CITEREFWrightEvans1851".

Related methods which leave only a number in the text are to use the {{harvnb}} template enclosed in the <ref></ref> html code, or to use the {{sfn}} template alone. The example above would be <ref>{{harvnb|Wright|Evans|1851|p=ix}}</ref> or {{sfn|Wright|Evans|1851|p=ix}} both of which generate a footnote, such as

17. Wright & Evans 1851, p. ix

The names of only the first four authors are used; other author names are not concatenated to the ID. If no author names are given, editor names are used instead.

Last names are used, as specified by the parameters |last1= (or |last=), |last2=, |last3=, and |last4=, and similarly for |editor1-last= etc. and for |inventor1-last= etc. If a full name is given but no last name is specified, this template falls back on the full name, but this usage is not recommended. For example, in "{{Citation | author = Sigmund Freud | title = The Ego and the Id | year = 1923}}" no last name is given, so this citation cannot be combined with the Harvard reference "{{harv|Freud|1923}}". To make these {{citation}} and {{harv}} invocations compatible, either replace "|author=Sigmund Freud" with "|first=Sigmund |last=Freud", or add "|ref={{harvid|Freud|1923}}" to the {{citation}} invocation, or add the same ref parameter (say, "|ref=EgoId") to both the {{citation}} and the {{harv}} invocations.

Similarly, the year is used, as specified by |year=. If no year is given, this template attempts to derive the year from |date= (or, if no date is given, from |publication-date=) by applying the MediaWiki § Time function. This heuristic works with many common date formats (American, International and ISO 8601 standard format YYYY-MM-DD as listed in WP:MOS), but may not work as expected with other formats, so when in doubt it may be safer to use |year=. Note that if only a year, say 2005, is known you must use |year=2005 rather than |date=2005.

IDs must be unique[Gāi nguòng-mā]

Names, years, and hand-specified IDs must be chosen so that the IDs are unique within a page; otherwise the HTML will not conform to the W3C standards, and any references to the citations will not work reliably. For example, suppose a page contains the following two citations with {{harv}}-compatible IDs:

If these citations were altered to say "2008" rather than "2008a" and "2008b", the resulting page would not work, because the two different citations would both attempt to use the ID "CITEREFMontesHalterman2008". To avoid this problem, distinguish the citations by appending suffixes to the years, e.g. "|year=2008a" and "|year=2008b", as was done above. Any Harvard references to these citations should use years with the same suffixes.

It is good practice to verify that a page does not contain duplicate IDs by using the W3C Markup Validation Service; see External links.

Dates[Gāi nguòng-mā]

  1. The format of dates in the references of an article should use consistent and unambiguous styles. Example formats used in Wikipedia citations include: Dates should not be linked (say, to a Wikipedia article of the same name) in references. Please see Wikipedia:Manual of Style (dates and numbers) § Dates for more guidance about formatting dates.

Tools[Gāi nguòng-mā]

See Wikipedia:Citing sources § Citation templates and tools for a list of tools that can help create a reference in the "citation" format.

TemplateData[Gāi nguòng-mā]

模板:Notice

模板:TemplateDataHeader

The Citation template generates a citation for a book, periodical, contribution in a collective work, or a web page. It determines the citation type by examining which parameters are used.

模板參數

參數描述類型狀態
Last namelastauthorauthor1authorslast1

The surname of the author; don't wikilink, use 'authorlink'; can suffix with a numeral to add additional authors

建議
First namefirstfirst1

Given or first name, middle names, or initials of the author; don't wikilink, use 'authorlink'; can suffix with a numeral to add additional authors

建議
title of sourcetitle

Title of source; displays in italics (except that article titles are not italicized but enclosed in quotes)

字串必填
date of sourcedate

Full date of source being referenced in the same format as other publication dates in the citations.[1] Do not wikilink. Displays after the authors and enclosed in parentheses. If there is no author, then displays after publisher.

字串選填
url of sourceurl

URL of an online location where the text of the publication can be found.

字串選填
Workworkjournalwebsitenewspapermagazineencyclopediaencyclopaediadictionarymailinglist

Name of the work in which the cited title is found

字串選填
Volumevolume

For one publication published in several volumes

建議
Issueissuenumber

Issue number

字串選填
Pagepage

Page in the source that supports the content; displays after 'p.'

選填
Pagespages

Pages in the source that support the content (not an indication of the number of pages in the source; displays after 'pp.'

建議
Publication Datepublication-date

Date of publication when different from the date the work was written. Displays only if year or date are defined and only if different, else publication-date is used and displayed as date. Use the same format as other dates in the article; do not wikilink. Follows publisher; if work is not defined, then publication-date is preceded by "published" and enclosed in parenthesis.

字串選填
Date formatdf

Sets rendered dates to the specified format

字串選填
Year of publicationyear

Year of the source being referenced; recommended only when date parameter format is YYYY-MM-DD and a CITEREF disambiguator is needed

數值選填
Postscriptpostscript

Controls the closing punctuation for a citation; defaults to a period (.); for no terminating punctuation, specify |postscript=none – leaving |postscript= empty is the same as omitting it, but is ambiguous. Ignored if quote is defined.

字串選填
Editor last nameeditor-lasteditoreditor-surnameeditor-last1editor-surname1editor1editor1-lasteditor1-surnameeditors

The surname of the editor; don't wikilink, use 'editor-link'; can suffix with a numeral to add additional editors

不明選填
Editor first nameeditor-firsteditor-first1editor-given1editor1-firsteditor1-given

The surname of the editor; don't wikilink, use 'editor-link'; can suffix with a numeral to add additional editors

不明選填
Author Maskauthor-maskauthormask

Replaces the name of the first author with em dashes or text. Set author-mask to a numeric value n to set the dash n em spaces wide; set author-mask to a text value to display the text without a trailing author separator; for example, "with". You must still include the values for all authors for metadata purposes. Primarily intended for use with bibliographies or bibliography styles where multiple works by a single author are listed sequentially such as shortened footnotes. Do not use in a list generated by {{reflist}}, <references /> or similar as there is no control of the order in which references are displayed. You can also use editor-mask and translator-mask in the same way.

字串選填
Original yearorig-yearorigyear

Original year of publication; provide specifics

數值選填
Translated titletrans-titletrans_title

An English language title, if the source cited is in a foreign language; 'language' is recommended

內容選填
Translated chapter titletrans-chaptertrans_chapter

An English language chapter title, if the source cited is in a foreign language; 'language' is recommended

內容選填
Typetype

Additional information about the media type of the source; format in sentence case

內容選填
Archive URLarchive-urlarchiveurl

The URL of an archived copy of a web page, if or in case the URL becomes unavailable; requires 'archivedate'

選填
Dead URLdead-urldeadurl

If set to 'no', the title display is adjusted; useful for when the URL is archived preemptively but still live

選填
Seriesseriesversion

Series identifier when the source is part of a series, such as a book series or a journal; alias of 'version'

內容選填
periodicalperiodical

沒有描述

字串選填
Atat

May be used instead of 'page' or 'pages' where a page number is inappropriate or insufficient

選填
No ppnopp

Set to 'y' to suppress the 'p.' or 'pp.' display with 'page' or 'pages' when inappropriate (such as 'Front cover')

選填
Chapterchapter

The chapter heading of the source

字串選填
contributioncontribution

沒有描述

字串選填
chapter-urlchapter-urlchapterurl

沒有描述

字串選填
contribution-urlcontribution-url

沒有描述

字串選填
chapter-formatchapter-format

沒有描述

字串選填
othersothers

沒有描述

字串選填
Editionedition

When the publication has more than one edition; for example: '2nd', 'Revised' etc.; suffixed with ' ed.'

選填
Location of publicationplacelocation

Geographical place of publication; usually not wikilinked

字串選填
Place of publicationpublication-place

Publication place shows after title; if 'place' or 'location' are also given, they are displayed before the title prefixed with 'written at'

內容選填
Publisherpublisher

Name of the publisher; displays after title

內容選填
Languagelanguage

The language in which the source is written, if not English; use the full language name; do not use icons or templates

內容選填
Formatformat

Format of the work referred to by 'url' ('url' is required when using 'format'); examples: PDF, DOC, XLS; do not specify HTML

內容選填
arXiv identifierarxiv

An identifier for arXive electronic preprints of scientific papers

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ASINasinASIN

Amazon Standard Identification Number; 10 characters

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ASIN TLDasin-tld

ASIN top-level domain for Amazon sites other than the US

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Bibcodebibcode

Bibliographic Reference Code (REFCODE); 19 characters

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biorXivbiorxiv

biorXiv identifier; 6 digits

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CiteSeerXciteseerx

CiteSeerX identifier; found after the 'doi=' query parameter

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DOIdoiDOI

Digital Object Identifier; begins with '10.'

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doi_inactivedatedoi_inactivedate

沒有描述

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DOI broken datedoi-broken-date

The date that the DOI was determined to be broken

日期選填
ISBNisbn

International Standard Book Number; use the 13-digit ISBN where possible

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ISSNissn

International Standard Serial Number (print); 8 characters; usually split into two groups of four using a hyphen

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eISSNeissn

International Standard Serial Number (online); 8 characters; usually split into two groups of four using a hyphen

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jfm codejfm

Jahrbuch über die Fortschritte der Mathematik classification code

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JSTORjstor

JSTOR identifier

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LCCNlccn

Library of Congress Control Number

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MRmr

Mathematical Reviews identifier

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OCLCoclc

Online Computer Library Center number

數值選填
OLol

Open Library identifier

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OSTIosti

Office of Scientific and Technical Information identifier

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PMCpmc

PubMed Center article number

數值選填
PMIDpmid

PubMed Unique Identifier

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RFCrfc

Request for Comments number

數值選填
SSRNssrn

Social Science Research Network

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Zblzbl

Zentralblatt MATH journal identifier

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idid

A unique identifier used where none of the specialized ones are applicable

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Quotequote

Relevant text quoted from the source; displays last, enclosed in quotes; needs to include terminating punctuation

內容選填
Refref

An anchor identifier; can be made the target of wikilinks to full references; special value 'harv' generates an anchor suitable for the harv and sfn templates

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URL access dateaccess-dateaccessdate

The full date when the original URL was accessed; do not wikilink

日期選填
Lay URLlaysummarylayurllay-url

URL link to a non-technical summary or review of the source

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Lay sourcelay-sourcelaysource

Name of the source of the laysummary; displays in italics, preceded by an en dash

字串選填
Lay datelay-datelaydate

Date of the summary; displays in parentheses

日期選填
Author name separatorauthor-name-separator

Changes the separator between last and first names; defaults to a comma and space; a space must be encoded as &#32;

預設
,
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Last author ampersandlast-author-amplastauthoramp

When set to any value, changes the separator between the last two names of the author list to 'space ampersand space'

布林值選填
Display authorsdisplayauthorsdisplay-authors

number of authors to display before 'et al.' is used;

數值選填
Archive datearchive-datearchivedate

Date when the original URL was archived; do not wikilink

日期選填
Last name 2last2author2surname2

The surname of the second author; don't wikilink, use 'authorlink2'.

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First name 2first2given2

Given or first name, middle names, or initials of the second author; don't wikilink.

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Last name 3last3author3surname3

The surname of the third author; don't wikilink, use 'authorlink3'.

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First name 3first3given3

Given or first name, middle names, or initials of the third author; don't wikilink.

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Last name 4last4author4surname4

The surname of the forth author; don't wikilink, use 'authorlink4'.

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First name 4first4given4

Given or first name, middle names, or initials of the forth author; don't wikilink.

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Last name 5last5author5surname5

The surname of the fifth author; don't wikilink, use 'authorlink5'.

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First name 5first5given5

Given or first name, middle names, or initials of the fifth author; don't wikilink.

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Last name 6last6author6surname6

The surname of the sixth author; don't wikilink, use 'authorlink6'.

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First name 6first6

Given or first name, middle names, or initials of the sixth author; don't wikilink.

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Last name 7last7author7surname7

The surname of the seventh author; don't wikilink, use 'authorlink7'.

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First name 7first7given7

Given or first name, middle names, or initials of the seventh author; don't wikilink.

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Last name 8last8author8surname8

The surname of the eighth author; don't wikilink, use 'authorlink8'.

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First name 8first8given8

Given or first name, middle names, or initials of the eighth author; don't wikilink.

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Last name 9last9author9surname9

The surname of the ninth author; don't wikilink, use 'authorlink9'. If nine authors are defined, then only eight will show and 'et al.' will show in place of the last author.

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First name 9first9given9

Given or first name, middle names, or initials of the ninth author; don't wikilink.

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Author linkauthor-linkauthorlinkauthor1-linkauthorlink1

Title of existing Wikipedia article about the author; can suffix with a numeral to add additional authors

頁面選填
Author link 2author-link2author2-linkauthorlink2

Title of existing Wikipedia article about the second author.

頁面選填
Author link 3author-link3author3-linkauthorlink3

Title of existing Wikipedia article about the third author.

頁面選填
Author link 4author-link4author4-linkauthorlink4

Title of existing Wikipedia article about the forth author.

頁面選填
Author link 5author-link5author5-linkauthorlink5

Title of existing Wikipedia article about the sixth author.

頁面選填
Author link 6author-link6author6-linkauthorlink6

Title of existing Wikipedia article about the sixth author.

頁面選填
Author link 7author-link7author7-linkauthorlink7

Title of existing Wikipedia article about the seventh author.

頁面選填
Author link 8author-link8author8-linkauthorlink8

Title of existing Wikipedia article about the eighth author.

頁面選填
Author link 9author-link9author9-linkauthorlink9

Title of existing Wikipedia article about the ninth author.

頁面選填
Editor last name 2editor2-lasteditor2

The surname of the second editor; don't wikilink, use 'editor2-link'.

選填
Editor first name 2editor2-firsteditor2-given

Given or first name, middle names, or initials of the second editor; don't wikilink.

選填
Editor last name 3editor3-lasteditor3

The surname of the third editor; don't wikilink, use 'editor3-link'.

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Editor first name 3editor3-firsteditor3-given

Given or first name, middle names, or initials of the third editor; don't wikilink.

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Editor last name 4editor4-lasteditor4

The surname of the fourth editor; don't wikilink, use 'editor4-link'.

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Editor first name 4editor4-firsteditor4-given

Given or first name, middle names, or initials of the fourth editor; don't wikilink.

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Editor last name 5editor5-lasteditor5

The surname of the fifth editor; don't wikilink, use 'editor5-link'.

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Editor first name 5editor5-firsteditor5-given

Given or first name, middle names, or initials of the fifth editor; don't wikilink.

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Editor last name 6editor6-lasteditor6

The surname of the sixth editor; don't wikilink, use 'editor6-link'.

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Editor first name 6editor6-firsteditor6-given

Given or first name, middle names, or initials of the sixth editor; don't wikilink.

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Editor last name 7editor7-lasteditor7

The surname of the seventh editor; don't wikilink, use 'editor7-link'.

選填
Editor first name 7editor7-firsteditor7-given

Given or first name, middle names, or initials of the seventh editor; don't wikilink.

選填
Editor last name 8editor8-lasteditor8

The surname of the eighth editor; don't wikilink, use 'editor8-link'.

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Editor first name 8editor8-firsteditor8-given

Given or first name, middle names, or initials of the eighth editor; don't wikilink.

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Editor last name 9editor9-lasteditor9

The surname of the ninth editor; don't wikilink, use 'editor9-link'.

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Editor first name 9editor9-firsteditor9-given

Given or first name, middle names, or initials of the ninth editor; don't wikilink.

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editor-linkeditor-link

沒有描述

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editor1-linkeditor1-link

沒有描述

字串選填
editor2-linkeditor2-link

沒有描述

字串選填
editor3-linkeditor3-link

沒有描述

字串選填
editor4-linkeditor4-link

沒有描述

字串選填
Translator last nametranslator-lasttranslatortranslator-last1translator1translator1-last

The surname of the translator; don't wikilink, use 'translator-link'; can suffix with a numeral to add additional translators.

字串選填
Translator first nametranslator-firsttranslator1-firsttranslator-first1

Given or first name, middle names, or initials of the translator; don't wikilink, use 'translator-link'; can suffix with a numeral to add additional translators.

字串選填
Translator linktranslator-linktranslator-link1translator1-link

Title of existing Wikipedia article about the translator; can suffix with a numeral to add additional translators.

頁面選填
Translator last name 2translator-last2translator2translator2-last

The surname of the second translator; don't wikilink, use 'translator-link'.

字串選填
Translator first name 2translator-first2translator2-first

Given or first name, middle names, or initials of the second translator; don't wikilink, use 'translator-link'.

字串選填
Translator last name 3translator-last3translator3translator3-last

The surname of the third translator; don't wikilink, use 'translator-link'.

字串選填
Translator first name 3translator-first3translator3-first

Given or first name, middle names, or initials of the third translator; don't wikilink, use 'translator-link'.

字串選填
Translator last name 4translator-last4translator4translator4-last

The surname of the fourth translator; don't wikilink, use 'translator-link'.

字串選填
Translator first name 4translator-first4translator4-first

Given or first name, middle names, or initials of the fourth translator; don't wikilink, use 'translator-link'.

字串選填
Translator last name 5translator-last5translator5translator5-last

The surname of the fifth translator; don't wikilink, use 'translator-link'.

字串選填
Translator first name 5translator-first5translator5-first

Given or first name, middle names, or initials of the fifth translator; don't wikilink, use 'translator-link'.

字串選填
Translator last name 6translator-last6translator6translator6-last

The surname of the sixth translator; don't wikilink, use 'translator-link'.

字串選填
Translator first name 6translator-first6translator6-first

Given or first name, middle names, or initials of the sixth translator; don't wikilink, use 'translator-link'.

字串選填
Translator last name 7translator-last7translator7translator7-last

The surname of the seventh translator; don't wikilink, use 'translator-link'.

字串選填
Translator first name 7translator-first7translator7-first

Given or first name, middle names, or initials of the seventh translator; don't wikilink, use 'translator-link'.

字串選填
Translator last name 8translator-last8translator8translator8-last

The surname of the eighth translator; don't wikilink, use 'translator-link'.

字串選填
Translator first name 8translator-first8translator8-first

Given or first name, middle names, or initials of the eighth translator; don't wikilink, use 'translator-link'.

字串選填
Translator last name 9translator-last9translator9translator9-last

The surname of the ninth translator; don't wikilink, use 'translator-link'.

字串選填
Translator first name 9translator-first9translator9-first

Given or first name, middle names, or initials of the ninth translator; don't wikilink, use 'translator-link'.

字串選填
Translator link 2translator-link2translator2-link

Title of existing Wikipedia article about the second translator.

頁面選填
Translator link 3translator-link3translator3-link

Title of existing Wikipedia article about the third translator.

頁面選填
Translator link 4translator-link4translator4-link

Title of existing Wikipedia article about the fourth translator.

頁面選填
Translator link 5translator-link5translator5-link

Title of existing Wikipedia article about the fifth translator.

頁面選填
Translator link 6translator-link6translator6-link

Title of existing Wikipedia article about the sixth translator.

頁面選填
Translator link 7translator-link7translator7-link

Title of existing Wikipedia article about the seventh translator.

頁面選填
Translator link 8translator-link8translator8-link

Title of existing Wikipedia article about the eighth translator.

頁面選填
Translator link 9translator-link9translator9-link

Title of existing Wikipedia article about the ninth translator.

頁面選填

模板:UF-COinS

See also[Gāi nguòng-mā]

模板:Wikipedia referencing 模板:Wikipedia help pages