Lé̤ṳ

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Lé̤ṳ   13Al
Kĭng(gì-tă hĭ-gĭng-sṳ̆k)
Hâi(hĭ-iū ké-tā̤)
Lī (gĭng-sṳ̆k)(giĕng-gĭng-sṳ̆k)
Pì (gĭng-sṳ̆k)(giĕng-tū gĭng-sṳ̆k)
Bèng(lôi-gĭng-sṳ̆k)
Táng(gì-tă hĭ-gĭng-sṳ̆k)
Dâng(gì-tă hĭ-gĭng-sṳ̆k)
Iōng(gì-tă hĭ-gĭng-sṳ̆k)
Hók (nguòng-só)(lū-só)
Neon(hĭ-iū ké-tā̤)
Năk(giĕng-gĭng-sṳ̆k)
Mī (gĭng-sṳ̆k)(giĕng-tū gĭng-sṳ̆k)
Lé̤ṳ(bìng-gĭng-sṳ̆k)
Sĭk (nguòng-só)(lôi-gĭng-sṳ̆k)
Lìng (nguòng-só)(gì-tă hĭ-gĭng-sṳ̆k)
Liù-uòng(gì-tă hĭ-gĭng-sṳ̆k)
Lṳ̆k (nguòng-só)(lū-só)
Ā (nguòng-só)(hĭ-iū ké-tā̤)
Gák (gĭng-sṳ̆k)(giĕng-gĭng-sṳ̆k)
Gái (gĭng-sṳ̆k)(giĕng-tū gĭng-sṳ̆k)
Scandium(guó-dô gĭng-sṳ̆k)
Titanium(guó-dô gĭng-sṳ̆k)
Vanadium(guó-dô gĭng-sṳ̆k)
Gáuk (gĭng-sṳ̆k)(guó-dô gĭng-sṳ̆k)
Mâing (gĭng-sṳ̆k)(guó-dô gĭng-sṳ̆k)
Tiék(guó-dô gĭng-sṳ̆k)
Gū (gĭng-sṳ̆k)(guó-dô gĭng-sṳ̆k)
Ngiĕk(guó-dô gĭng-sṳ̆k)
Dè̤ng(guó-dô gĭng-sṳ̆k)
Ā-iòng(guó-dô gĭng-sṳ̆k)
Gallium(bìng-gĭng-sṳ̆k)
Germanium(lôi-gĭng-sṳ̆k)
Piĕ (nguòng-só)(lôi-gĭng-sṳ̆k)
Să̤ (gó-tā̤)(gì-tă hĭ-gĭng-sṳ̆k)
Chéu (nguòng-só)(lū-só)
Káik (nguòng-só)(hĭ-iū ké-tā̤)
Rubidium(giĕng-gĭng-sṳ̆k)
Strontium(giĕng-tū gĭng-sṳ̆k)
Yttrium(guó-dô gĭng-sṳ̆k)
Zirconium(guó-dô gĭng-sṳ̆k)
Niobium(guó-dô gĭng-sṳ̆k)
Mŭk (gĭng-sṳ̆k)(guó-dô gĭng-sṳ̆k)
Technetium(guó-dô gĭng-sṳ̆k)
Ruthenium(guó-dô gĭng-sṳ̆k)
Rhodium(guó-dô gĭng-sṳ̆k)
Bă (gĭng-sṳ̆k)(guó-dô gĭng-sṳ̆k)
Ngṳ̀ng(guó-dô gĭng-sṳ̆k)
Gáik (gĭng-sṳ̆k)(guó-dô gĭng-sṳ̆k)
Indium(bìng-gĭng-sṳ̆k)
Sék(bìng-gĭng-sṳ̆k)
Dà̤ (gĭng-sṳ̆k)(lôi-gĭng-sṳ̆k)
Dá̤ (nguòng-só)(lôi-gĭng-sṳ̆k)
Diēng(lū-só)
Să̤ (ké-tā̤)(hĭ-iū ké-tā̤)
Caesium(giĕng-gĭng-sṳ̆k)
Barium(giĕng-tū gĭng-sṳ̆k)
Lanthanum(lanthanum-hiê)
Cerium(lanthanum-hiê)
Praseodymium(lanthanum-hiê)
Neodymium(lanthanum-hiê)
Promethium(lanthanum-hiê)
Samarium(lanthanum-hiê)
Europium(lanthanum-hiê)
Gadolinium(lanthanum-hiê)
Terbium(lanthanum-hiê)
Dysprosium(lanthanum-hiê)
Holmium(lanthanum-hiê)
Erbium(lanthanum-hiê)
Thulium(lanthanum-hiê)
Ytterbium(lanthanum-hiê)
Lutetium(lanthanum-hiê)
Hafnium(guó-dô gĭng-sṳ̆k)
Tantalum(guó-dô gĭng-sṳ̆k)
Ŭ (gĭng-sṳ̆k)(guó-dô gĭng-sṳ̆k)
Rhenium(guó-dô gĭng-sṳ̆k)
Osmium(guó-dô gĭng-sṳ̆k)
Iridium(guó-dô gĭng-sṳ̆k)
Băh-gĭng(guó-dô gĭng-sṳ̆k)
Gĭng(guó-dô gĭng-sṳ̆k)
Cūi-ngṳ̀ng(guó-dô gĭng-sṳ̆k)
Siă (gĭng-sṳ̆k)(bìng-gĭng-sṳ̆k)
Iòng (gĭng-sṳ̆k)(bìng-gĭng-sṳ̆k)
Bék (gĭng-sṳ̆k)(bìng-gĭng-sṳ̆k)
Polonium(bìng-gĭng-sṳ̆k)
Astatine(lū-só)
Radon(hĭ-iū ké-tā̤)
Francium(giĕng-gĭng-sṳ̆k)
Lòi (gĭng-sṳ̆k)(giĕng-tū gĭng-sṳ̆k)
Actinium(actinium-hiê)
Thorium(actinium-hiê)
Protactinium(actinium-hiê)
Iù (gĭng-sṳ̆k)(actinium-hiê)
Neptunium(actinium-hiê)
Plutonium(actinium-hiê)
Americium(actinium-hiê)
Curium(actinium-hiê)
Berkelium(actinium-hiê)
Californium(actinium-hiê)
Einsteinium(actinium-hiê)
Fermium(actinium-hiê)
Mendelevium(actinium-hiê)
Nobelium(actinium-hiê)
Lawrencium(actinium-hiê)
Rutherfordium(guó-dô gĭng-sṳ̆k)
Dubnium(guó-dô gĭng-sṳ̆k)
Seaborgium(guó-dô gĭng-sṳ̆k)
Bohrium(guó-dô gĭng-sṳ̆k)
Hassium(guó-dô gĭng-sṳ̆k)
Meitnerium(mâ̤ hiēu dĕk-séng)
Darmstadtium(mâ̤ hiēu dĕk-séng)
Roentgenium(mâ̤ hiēu dĕk-séng)
Copernicium(guó-dô gĭng-sṳ̆k)
Nihonium(mâ̤ hiēu dĕk-séng)
Flerovium(bìng-gĭng-sṳ̆k)
Moscovium(mâ̤ hiēu dĕk-séng)
Livermorium(mâ̤ hiēu dĕk-séng)
Tennessine(mâ̤ hiēu dĕk-séng)
Oganesson(mâ̤ hiēu dĕk-séng)
Bèng

Lé̤ṳ

Gali
MagneLé̤ṳSĭk
ngôi-guăng
ngṳ̀ng-hŭi-sáik gĭng-sṳ̆k


Lé̤ṳ gì nguòng-cṳ̄ guŏng-puō
gái-huóng
miàng-cê·hù-hô̤·sê̤ṳ-só Lé̤ṳ (aluminium)·Al·13
nguòng-só lôi-biék bìng-gĭng-sṳ̆k
cŭk·ciŭ-gĭ·kṳ̆ 13·3·p
nguòng-cṳ̄-liông 26.9815386(13)
diêng-cṳ̄ bà̤-buó

[Ne] 3s2 3p1
2, 8, 3

Lé̤ṳ gì diêng cṳ̄ cèng (2, 8, 3)
Lĭk-sṳ̄
ê̤ṳ-cháik Antoine Lavoisier(1787 nièng)
hŭng-liê Friedrich Wöhler(1827 nièng)
kī-miàng Humphry Davy(1807 nièng)
ŭk-lī séng-cék
ŭk-tái gó-tái
mĭk-dô̤ (ciék-gê̤ṳng sék-ŭng)
2.70 g·cm−3
iòng-diēng sèng-âu gì ĭk-tā̤ mĭk-dô̤ 2.375 g·cm−3
iòng-diēng 933.47 K,660.32 °C,1220.58 °F
bé-diēng 2792 K,2519 °C,4566 °F
iòng iĕk 10.71 kJ·mol−1
ké-huá iĕk 294.0 kJ·mol−1
bī-iĕk-ṳ̀ng 24.200 J·mol−1·K−1

cĭng-ké-ák

ák/Pa 1 10 100 1 k 10 k 100 k
ŭng/K 1482 1632 1817 2054 2364 2790
nguòng-cṳ̄ séng-cék
iōng-huá-tái 3, 2, 1
(lâng-séng iōng-huá-ŭk)
diêng-hô-séng 1.61 (Pauling biĕu-dô)
diêng-liê-nèng

dâ̤ 1: 577.5 kJ·mol−1
dâ̤ 2: 1816.7 kJ·mol−1

dâ̤ 3: 2744.8 kJ·mol−1
nguòng-cṳ̄ buáng-géng 143 pm
gê̤ṳng-gá buáng-géng 121±4 pm
Van der Waals buáng-géng 184 pm
gì-tă
cĭng-tā̤ giék-gáiu

miêng-sĭng lĭk-huŏng

Lé̤ṳ ô miêng-sĭng lĭk-huŏng cĭng-tā̤ giék-gáiu
Cṳ̀-sê̤ṳ sông-cṳ̀-séng[1]
diêng-cū-lŭk (20 °C)28.2 n Ω·m
iĕk-dô̤-lŭk 237 W·m−1·K−1
pàng-dióng hiê-só (25 °C)23.1 µm·m−1·K−1
siăng-sók (sék-ŭng)5,000 m·s−1
Young muò-liông 70 GPa
cēng-ciék muò-liông 26 GPa
tā̤-cék muò-liông 76 GPa
Poisson bī 0.35
Mohs ngâing-dô̤ 2.75
Vickers ngâing-dô 167 MPa
Brinell ngâing-dô 245 MPa
CAS hô̤ 7429-90-5
có̤i ūng-diâng gì dùng-ôi-só


dùng-ôi-só hŭng-dô buáng-sŏi-gĭ huŏng-sék nèng-liôngMeV sāng-ŭk
26Al mì-liông 7.17×105 yr β+ 1.17 26Mg
ε - 26Mg
γ 1.8086 -
27Al 100% ūng-dêng, dái 14 ciáh dṳ̆ng-cṳ̄

Lé̤ṳ (鋁, Aluminium) iâ hô̤ lā̤ láe̤ hĕ̤k-ciā lṳ̄, sê siŏh cṳ̄ng gĭng-sṳ̆k. Nguòng-cṳ̄ sê̤ṳ-só sê 13, huá-hŏk hù-hô̤ sê Al.

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