Niobium

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Niobi   41Nb
Kĭng(gì-tă hĭ-gĭng-sṳ̆k)
Hâi(hĭ-iū ké-tā̤)
Lī (gĭng-sṳ̆k)(giĕng-gĭng-sṳ̆k)
Pì (gĭng-sṳ̆k)(giĕng-tū gĭng-sṳ̆k)
Bèng(lôi-gĭng-sṳ̆k)
Táng(gì-tă hĭ-gĭng-sṳ̆k)
Dâng(gì-tă hĭ-gĭng-sṳ̆k)
Iōng(gì-tă hĭ-gĭng-sṳ̆k)
Hók (nguòng-só)(lū-só)
Neon(hĭ-iū ké-tā̤)
Năk(giĕng-gĭng-sṳ̆k)
Mī (gĭng-sṳ̆k)(giĕng-tū gĭng-sṳ̆k)
Lé̤ṳ(bìng-gĭng-sṳ̆k)
Sĭk (nguòng-só)(lôi-gĭng-sṳ̆k)
Lìng (nguòng-só)(gì-tă hĭ-gĭng-sṳ̆k)
Liù-uòng(gì-tă hĭ-gĭng-sṳ̆k)
Lṳ̆k (nguòng-só)(lū-só)
Ā (nguòng-só)(hĭ-iū ké-tā̤)
Gák (gĭng-sṳ̆k)(giĕng-gĭng-sṳ̆k)
Gái (gĭng-sṳ̆k)(giĕng-tū gĭng-sṳ̆k)
Scandium(guó-dô gĭng-sṳ̆k)
Titanium(guó-dô gĭng-sṳ̆k)
Vanadium(guó-dô gĭng-sṳ̆k)
Gáuk (gĭng-sṳ̆k)(guó-dô gĭng-sṳ̆k)
Mâing (gĭng-sṳ̆k)(guó-dô gĭng-sṳ̆k)
Tiék(guó-dô gĭng-sṳ̆k)
Gū (gĭng-sṳ̆k)(guó-dô gĭng-sṳ̆k)
Ngiĕk(guó-dô gĭng-sṳ̆k)
Dè̤ng(guó-dô gĭng-sṳ̆k)
Ā-iòng(guó-dô gĭng-sṳ̆k)
Gallium(bìng-gĭng-sṳ̆k)
Germanium(lôi-gĭng-sṳ̆k)
Piĕ (nguòng-só)(lôi-gĭng-sṳ̆k)
Să̤ (gó-tā̤)(gì-tă hĭ-gĭng-sṳ̆k)
Chéu (nguòng-só)(lū-só)
Káik (nguòng-só)(hĭ-iū ké-tā̤)
Rubidium(giĕng-gĭng-sṳ̆k)
Strontium(giĕng-tū gĭng-sṳ̆k)
Yttrium(guó-dô gĭng-sṳ̆k)
Zirconium(guó-dô gĭng-sṳ̆k)
Niobium(guó-dô gĭng-sṳ̆k)
Mŭk (gĭng-sṳ̆k)(guó-dô gĭng-sṳ̆k)
Technetium(guó-dô gĭng-sṳ̆k)
Ruthenium(guó-dô gĭng-sṳ̆k)
Rhodium(guó-dô gĭng-sṳ̆k)
Bă (gĭng-sṳ̆k)(guó-dô gĭng-sṳ̆k)
Ngṳ̀ng(guó-dô gĭng-sṳ̆k)
Gáik (gĭng-sṳ̆k)(guó-dô gĭng-sṳ̆k)
Indium(bìng-gĭng-sṳ̆k)
Sék(bìng-gĭng-sṳ̆k)
Dà̤ (gĭng-sṳ̆k)(lôi-gĭng-sṳ̆k)
Dá̤ (nguòng-só)(lôi-gĭng-sṳ̆k)
Diēng(lū-só)
Să̤ (ké-tā̤)(hĭ-iū ké-tā̤)
Caesium(giĕng-gĭng-sṳ̆k)
Barium(giĕng-tū gĭng-sṳ̆k)
Lanthanum(lanthanum-hiê)
Cerium(lanthanum-hiê)
Praseodymium(lanthanum-hiê)
Neodymium(lanthanum-hiê)
Promethium(lanthanum-hiê)
Samarium(lanthanum-hiê)
Europium(lanthanum-hiê)
Gadolinium(lanthanum-hiê)
Terbium(lanthanum-hiê)
Dysprosium(lanthanum-hiê)
Holmium(lanthanum-hiê)
Erbium(lanthanum-hiê)
Thulium(lanthanum-hiê)
Ytterbium(lanthanum-hiê)
Lutetium(lanthanum-hiê)
Hafnium(guó-dô gĭng-sṳ̆k)
Tantalum(guó-dô gĭng-sṳ̆k)
Ŭ (gĭng-sṳ̆k)(guó-dô gĭng-sṳ̆k)
Rhenium(guó-dô gĭng-sṳ̆k)
Osmium(guó-dô gĭng-sṳ̆k)
Iridium(guó-dô gĭng-sṳ̆k)
Băh-gĭng(guó-dô gĭng-sṳ̆k)
Gĭng(guó-dô gĭng-sṳ̆k)
Cūi-ngṳ̀ng(guó-dô gĭng-sṳ̆k)
Thallium(bìng-gĭng-sṳ̆k)
Iòng (gĭng-sṳ̆k)(bìng-gĭng-sṳ̆k)
Bék (gĭng-sṳ̆k)(bìng-gĭng-sṳ̆k)
Polonium(bìng-gĭng-sṳ̆k)
Astatine(lū-só)
Radon(hĭ-iū ké-tā̤)
Francium(giĕng-gĭng-sṳ̆k)
Lòi (gĭng-sṳ̆k)(giĕng-tū gĭng-sṳ̆k)
Actinium(actinium-hiê)
Thorium(actinium-hiê)
Protactinium(actinium-hiê)
Iù (gĭng-sṳ̆k)(actinium-hiê)
Neptunium(actinium-hiê)
Plutonium(actinium-hiê)
Americium(actinium-hiê)
Curium(actinium-hiê)
Berkelium(actinium-hiê)
Californium(actinium-hiê)
Einsteinium(actinium-hiê)
Fermium(actinium-hiê)
Mendelevium(actinium-hiê)
Nobelium(actinium-hiê)
Lawrencium(actinium-hiê)
Rutherfordium(guó-dô gĭng-sṳ̆k)
Dubnium(guó-dô gĭng-sṳ̆k)
Seaborgium(guó-dô gĭng-sṳ̆k)
Bohrium(guó-dô gĭng-sṳ̆k)
Hassium(guó-dô gĭng-sṳ̆k)
Meitnerium(mâ̤ hiēu dĕk-séng)
Darmstadtium(mâ̤ hiēu dĕk-séng)
Roentgenium(mâ̤ hiēu dĕk-séng)
Copernicium(guó-dô gĭng-sṳ̆k)
Nihonium(mâ̤ hiēu dĕk-séng)
Flerovium(bìng-gĭng-sṳ̆k)
Moscovium(mâ̤ hiēu dĕk-séng)
Livermorium(mâ̤ hiēu dĕk-séng)
Tennessine(mâ̤ hiēu dĕk-séng)
Oganesson(mâ̤ hiēu dĕk-séng)
Vanadi

Niobi

Tantan
ZirconiNiobiMolypden
ngôi-guăng
gray metallic, bluish when oxidized
A lump of gray shining crystals with hexagonal facetting
gái-huóng
miàng-cê·hù-hô̤·sê̤ṳ-só Niobi (niobium)·Nb·41
nguòng-só lôi-biék guó-dô gĭng-sṳ̆k
cŭk·ciŭ-gĭ·kṳ̆ 5·5·d
nguòng-cṳ̄-liông 92.90637(2)
diêng-cṳ̄ bà̤-buó

[Kr] 4d4 5s1
2, 8, 18, 12, 1

Niobi gì diêng cṳ̄ cèng (2, 8, 18, 12, 1)
Lĭk-sṳ̄
huák-hiêng Charles Hatchett(1801 nièng)
hŭng-liê Christian Wilhelm Blomstrand(1864 nièng)
Recognized as a distinct element by Heinrich Rose (1844)
ŭk-lī séng-cék
ŭk-tái gó-tā̤
mĭk-dô̤ (ciék-gê̤ṳng sék-ŭng)
8.57 g·cm−3
iòng-diēng 2750 K,2477 °C,4491 °F
bé-diēng 5017 K,4744 °C,8571 °F
iòng iĕk 30 kJ·mol−1
ké-huá iĕk 689.9 kJ·mol−1
bī-iĕk-ṳ̀ng 24.60 J·mol−1·K−1

cĭng-ké-ák

ák/Pa 1 10 100 1 k 10 k 100 k
ŭng/K 2942 3207 3524 3910 4393 5013
nguòng-cṳ̄ séng-cék
iōng-huá-tái 5, 4, 3, 2, 1, −1, −3
((a mildly acidic oxide))
diêng-hô-séng 1.6 (Pauling biĕu-dô)
diêng-liê-nèng

dâ̤ 1: {{{1st ionization energy}}} kJ·mol−1
dâ̤ 2: {{{2nd ionization energy}}} kJ·mol−1

dâ̤ 3: {{{3rd ionization energy}}} kJ·mol−1
nguòng-cṳ̄ buáng-géng 146 pm
gê̤ṳng-gá buáng-géng 164±6 pm
gì-tă
cĭng-tā̤ giék-gáiu

cubic body-centered

Cṳ̀-sê̤ṳ paramagnetic
diêng-cū-lŭk (0 °C)152 nΩ·m
iĕk-dô̤-lŭk 53.7 W·m−1·K−1
pàng-dióng hiê-só 7.3 µm/(m·K)
siăng-sók (20 °C)3480 m·s−1
Young muò-liông 105 GPa
cēng-ciék muò-liông 38 GPa
tā̤-cék muò-liông 170 GPa
Poisson bī 0.40
Mohs ngâing-dô̤ 6.0
Vickers ngâing-dô 870–1320 MPa
Brinell ngâing-dô 735–2450 MPa
CAS hô̤ 7440-03-1
có̤i ūng-diâng gì dùng-ôi-só


dùng-ôi-só hŭng-dô buáng-sŏi-gĭ huŏng-sék nèng-liôngMeV sāng-ŭk
90Nb syn 14.6 h β+ 90Zr
91Nb syn 680 y ε 91Zr
91mNb syn 60.86 d IT 0.104e 91Nb
92m1Nb syn 10.15 d ε 92Zr
γ 0.934
92Nb syn 3.47×107 y ε 92Zr
γ 0.561, 0.934
93Nb 100% (SF) <0.943
93mNb syn 16.13 y IT 0.031e 93Nb
94Nb syn 20300 y β 0.471 94Mo
γ 0.702, 0.871
95Nb syn 34.991 d β 0.159 95Mo
γ 0.765
95mNb syn 3.61 d IT 0.235 95Nb
96Nb syn 23.4 h β 96Mo
Decay modes in parentheses are predicted, but have not yet been observed

Niobium sê siŏh cṳ̄ng gĭng-sṳ̆k, iâ sê siŏh cṳ̄ng huá-hŏk nguòng-só. Nguòng-cṳ̄ sê̤ṳ-só sê 41, huá-hŏk hù-hô̤ sê Nb.

Huá-hŏk séng-cék[Siŭ-gāi | Gāi nguòng-mā]

Éng-ê̤ṳng[Siŭ-gāi | Gāi nguòng-mā]

Cié-chṳ̄[Siŭ-gāi | Gāi nguòng-mā]

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