Liù-uòng

Lài-nguòng: Wikipedia
Tiéu gáu: īng-dô̤, sìng-tō̤
Liù-uòng   16S
Kĭng(gì-tă hĭ-gĭng-sṳ̆k)
Hâi(hĭ-iū ké-tā̤)
Lī (gĭng-sṳ̆k)(giĕng-gĭng-sṳ̆k)
Pì (gĭng-sṳ̆k)(giĕng-tū gĭng-sṳ̆k)
Bèng(lôi-gĭng-sṳ̆k)
Táng(gì-tă hĭ-gĭng-sṳ̆k)
Dâng(gì-tă hĭ-gĭng-sṳ̆k)
Iōng(gì-tă hĭ-gĭng-sṳ̆k)
Hók (nguòng-só)(lū-só)
Neon(hĭ-iū ké-tā̤)
Năk(giĕng-gĭng-sṳ̆k)
Mī (gĭng-sṳ̆k)(giĕng-tū gĭng-sṳ̆k)
Lé̤ṳ(bìng-gĭng-sṳ̆k)
Sĭk (nguòng-só)(lôi-gĭng-sṳ̆k)
Lìng (nguòng-só)(gì-tă hĭ-gĭng-sṳ̆k)
Liù-uòng(gì-tă hĭ-gĭng-sṳ̆k)
Lṳ̆k (nguòng-só)(lū-só)
Ā (nguòng-só)(hĭ-iū ké-tā̤)
Gák (gĭng-sṳ̆k)(giĕng-gĭng-sṳ̆k)
Gái (gĭng-sṳ̆k)(giĕng-tū gĭng-sṳ̆k)
Scandium(guó-dô gĭng-sṳ̆k)
Titanium(guó-dô gĭng-sṳ̆k)
Vanadium(guó-dô gĭng-sṳ̆k)
Gáuk (gĭng-sṳ̆k)(guó-dô gĭng-sṳ̆k)
Mâing (gĭng-sṳ̆k)(guó-dô gĭng-sṳ̆k)
Tiék(guó-dô gĭng-sṳ̆k)
Gū (gĭng-sṳ̆k)(guó-dô gĭng-sṳ̆k)
Ngiĕk(guó-dô gĭng-sṳ̆k)
Dè̤ng(guó-dô gĭng-sṳ̆k)
Ā-iòng(guó-dô gĭng-sṳ̆k)
Gallium(bìng-gĭng-sṳ̆k)
Germanium(lôi-gĭng-sṳ̆k)
Piĕ (nguòng-só)(lôi-gĭng-sṳ̆k)
Să̤ (gó-tā̤)(gì-tă hĭ-gĭng-sṳ̆k)
Chéu (nguòng-só)(lū-só)
Káik (nguòng-só)(hĭ-iū ké-tā̤)
Rubidium(giĕng-gĭng-sṳ̆k)
Strontium(giĕng-tū gĭng-sṳ̆k)
Yttrium(guó-dô gĭng-sṳ̆k)
Zirconium(guó-dô gĭng-sṳ̆k)
Niobium(guó-dô gĭng-sṳ̆k)
Mŭk (gĭng-sṳ̆k)(guó-dô gĭng-sṳ̆k)
Technetium(guó-dô gĭng-sṳ̆k)
Ruthenium(guó-dô gĭng-sṳ̆k)
Rhodium(guó-dô gĭng-sṳ̆k)
Bă (gĭng-sṳ̆k)(guó-dô gĭng-sṳ̆k)
Ngṳ̀ng(guó-dô gĭng-sṳ̆k)
Gáik (gĭng-sṳ̆k)(guó-dô gĭng-sṳ̆k)
Indium(bìng-gĭng-sṳ̆k)
Sék(bìng-gĭng-sṳ̆k)
Dà̤ (gĭng-sṳ̆k)(lôi-gĭng-sṳ̆k)
Dá̤ (nguòng-só)(lôi-gĭng-sṳ̆k)
Diēng(lū-só)
Să̤ (ké-tā̤)(hĭ-iū ké-tā̤)
Caesium(giĕng-gĭng-sṳ̆k)
Barium(giĕng-tū gĭng-sṳ̆k)
Lanthanum(lanthanum-hiê)
Cerium(lanthanum-hiê)
Praseodymium(lanthanum-hiê)
Neodymium(lanthanum-hiê)
Promethium(lanthanum-hiê)
Samarium(lanthanum-hiê)
Europium(lanthanum-hiê)
Gadolinium(lanthanum-hiê)
Terbium(lanthanum-hiê)
Dysprosium(lanthanum-hiê)
Holmium(lanthanum-hiê)
Erbium(lanthanum-hiê)
Thulium(lanthanum-hiê)
Ytterbium(lanthanum-hiê)
Lutetium(lanthanum-hiê)
Hafnium(guó-dô gĭng-sṳ̆k)
Tantalum(guó-dô gĭng-sṳ̆k)
Ŭ (gĭng-sṳ̆k)(guó-dô gĭng-sṳ̆k)
Rhenium(guó-dô gĭng-sṳ̆k)
Osmium(guó-dô gĭng-sṳ̆k)
Iridium(guó-dô gĭng-sṳ̆k)
Băh-gĭng(guó-dô gĭng-sṳ̆k)
Gĭng(guó-dô gĭng-sṳ̆k)
Cūi-ngṳ̀ng(guó-dô gĭng-sṳ̆k)
Siă (gĭng-sṳ̆k)(bìng-gĭng-sṳ̆k)
Iòng (gĭng-sṳ̆k)(bìng-gĭng-sṳ̆k)
Bék (gĭng-sṳ̆k)(bìng-gĭng-sṳ̆k)
Polonium(bìng-gĭng-sṳ̆k)
Astatine(lū-só)
Radon(hĭ-iū ké-tā̤)
Francium(giĕng-gĭng-sṳ̆k)
Lòi (gĭng-sṳ̆k)(giĕng-tū gĭng-sṳ̆k)
Actinium(actinium-hiê)
Thorium(actinium-hiê)
Protactinium(actinium-hiê)
Iù (gĭng-sṳ̆k)(actinium-hiê)
Neptunium(actinium-hiê)
Plutonium(actinium-hiê)
Americium(actinium-hiê)
Curium(actinium-hiê)
Berkelium(actinium-hiê)
Californium(actinium-hiê)
Einsteinium(actinium-hiê)
Fermium(actinium-hiê)
Mendelevium(actinium-hiê)
Nobelium(actinium-hiê)
Lawrencium(actinium-hiê)
Rutherfordium(guó-dô gĭng-sṳ̆k)
Dubnium(guó-dô gĭng-sṳ̆k)
Seaborgium(guó-dô gĭng-sṳ̆k)
Bohrium(guó-dô gĭng-sṳ̆k)
Hassium(guó-dô gĭng-sṳ̆k)
Meitnerium(mâ̤ hiēu dĕk-séng)
Darmstadtium(mâ̤ hiēu dĕk-séng)
Roentgenium(mâ̤ hiēu dĕk-séng)
Copernicium(guó-dô gĭng-sṳ̆k)
Nihonium(mâ̤ hiēu dĕk-séng)
Flerovium(bìng-gĭng-sṳ̆k)
Moscovium(mâ̤ hiēu dĕk-séng)
Livermorium(mâ̤ hiēu dĕk-séng)
Tennessine(mâ̤ hiēu dĕk-séng)
Oganesson(mâ̤ hiēu dĕk-séng)
Iōng

Liù-uòng

Selen
LìngLiù-uòngLṳ̆k
ngôi-guăng
uòng-sáik cĭng-tā̤


liù gì nguòng-cṳ̄ guŏng-puō
gái-huóng
miàng-cê·hù-hô̤·sê̤ṳ-só Liù-uòng (Sulphur)·S·16
nguòng-só lôi-biék hĭ-gĭng-sṳ̆k, iōng-cŭk nguòng-só
cŭk·ciŭ-gĭ·kṳ̆ 16·3·p
nguòng-cṳ̄-liông 32.066(4)
diêng-cṳ̄ bà̤-buó

[Ne] 3s2 3p4
2, 8, 6

Liù-uòng gì diêng cṳ̄ cèng (2, 8, 6)
ŭk-lī séng-cék
ŭk-tái gó-tā̤
mĭk-dô̤ (ciék-gê̤ṳng sék-ŭng)
(siâ-huŏng-liù) 2.07 g·cm−3
mĭk-dô̤ (ciék-gê̤ṳng sék-ŭng)
(dăng-siâ-liù) 1.96 g·cm−3
iòng-diēng sèng-âu gì ĭk-tā̤ mĭk-dô̤ 1.819 g·cm−3
iòng-diēng 388.36 K,115.21 °C,239.38 °F
bé-diēng 717.8 K,444.6 °C,832.3 °F
lìng-gái-diēng 1314 K, 20.7 MPa
iòng iĕk 1.727 kJ·mol−1
ké-huá iĕk 45 kJ·mol−1
bī-iĕk-ṳ̀ng 22.75 J·mol−1·K−1

cĭng-ké-ák

ák/Pa 1 10 100 1 k 10 k 100 k
ŭng/K 375 408 449 508 591 717
nguòng-cṳ̄ séng-cék
iōng-huá-tái 6, 5, 4, 3, 2, 1, -1, -2
(giòng sŏng-séng)
diêng-hô-séng 2.58 (Pauling biĕu-dô)
diêng-liê-nèng

dâ̤ 1: 999.6 kJ·mol−1
dâ̤ 2: 2252 kJ·mol−1

dâ̤ 3: 3357 kJ·mol−1
gê̤ṳng-gá buáng-géng 105±3 pm
Van der Waals buáng-géng 180 pm
gì-tă
cĭng-tā̤ giék-gáiu

orthorhombic

Liù-uòng ô orthorhombic cĭng-tā̤ giék-gáiu
Cṳ̀-sê̤ṳ káung-cṳ̀-séng
diêng-cū-lŭk (20 °C)(mò̤ diâng-hìng liù)
2×1015  Ω·m
iĕk-dô̤-lŭk (mò̤ diâng-hìng liù)
0.205 W·m−1·K−1
tā̤-cék muò-liông 7.7 GPa
Mohs ngâing-dô̤ 2.0
CAS hô̤ 7704-34-9
có̤i ūng-diâng gì dùng-ôi-só


dùng-ôi-só hŭng-dô buáng-sŏi-gĭ huŏng-sék nèng-liôngMeV sāng-ŭk
32S 95.02% ūng-dêng, dái 16 ciáh dṳ̆ng-cṳ̄
33S 0.75% ūng-dêng, dái 17 ciáh dṳ̆ng-cṳ̄
34S 4.21% ūng-dêng, dái 18 ciáh dṳ̆ng-cṳ̄
35S syn 87.32 d β 0.167 35Cl
36S 0.02% ūng-dêng, dái 20 ciáh dṳ̆ng-cṳ̄

Liù (硫) iâ hô̤ lā̤ liù-uòng (硫黃), sê siŏh cṳ̄ng hĭ-gĭng-sṳ̆k nguòng-só. Nguòng-cṳ̄ sê̤ṳ-só sê 16, huá-hŏk hù-hô̤ sê S.