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Lìng   15P
Kĭng(gì-tă hĭ-gĭng-sṳ̆k)
Hâi(hĭ-iū ké-tā̤)
Lī (gĭng-sṳ̆k)(giĕng-gĭng-sṳ̆k)
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Bèng(lôi-gĭng-sṳ̆k)
Táng(gì-tă hĭ-gĭng-sṳ̆k)
Dâng(gì-tă hĭ-gĭng-sṳ̆k)
Iōng(gì-tă hĭ-gĭng-sṳ̆k)
Hók (nguòng-só)(lū-só)
Neon(hĭ-iū ké-tā̤)
Năk(giĕng-gĭng-sṳ̆k)
Mī (gĭng-sṳ̆k)(giĕng-tū gĭng-sṳ̆k)
Lé̤ṳ(bìng-gĭng-sṳ̆k)
Sĭk (nguòng-só)(lôi-gĭng-sṳ̆k)
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Gái (gĭng-sṳ̆k)(giĕng-tū gĭng-sṳ̆k)
Scandium(guó-dô gĭng-sṳ̆k)
Titanium(guó-dô gĭng-sṳ̆k)
Vanadium(guó-dô gĭng-sṳ̆k)
Gáuk (gĭng-sṳ̆k)(guó-dô gĭng-sṳ̆k)
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Dè̤ng(guó-dô gĭng-sṳ̆k)
Ā-iòng(guó-dô gĭng-sṳ̆k)
Gallium(bìng-gĭng-sṳ̆k)
Germanium(lôi-gĭng-sṳ̆k)
Piĕ (nguòng-só)(lôi-gĭng-sṳ̆k)
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Rubidium(giĕng-gĭng-sṳ̆k)
Strontium(giĕng-tū gĭng-sṳ̆k)
Yttrium(guó-dô gĭng-sṳ̆k)
Zirconium(guó-dô gĭng-sṳ̆k)
Niobium(guó-dô gĭng-sṳ̆k)
Mŭk (gĭng-sṳ̆k)(guó-dô gĭng-sṳ̆k)
Technetium(guó-dô gĭng-sṳ̆k)
Ruthenium(guó-dô gĭng-sṳ̆k)
Rhodium(guó-dô gĭng-sṳ̆k)
Bă (gĭng-sṳ̆k)(guó-dô gĭng-sṳ̆k)
Ngṳ̀ng(guó-dô gĭng-sṳ̆k)
Gáik (gĭng-sṳ̆k)(guó-dô gĭng-sṳ̆k)
Indium(bìng-gĭng-sṳ̆k)
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Diēng(lū-só)
Să̤ (ké-tā̤)(hĭ-iū ké-tā̤)
Caesium(giĕng-gĭng-sṳ̆k)
Barium(giĕng-tū gĭng-sṳ̆k)
Lanthanum(lanthanum-hiê)
Cerium(lanthanum-hiê)
Praseodymium(lanthanum-hiê)
Neodymium(lanthanum-hiê)
Promethium(lanthanum-hiê)
Samarium(lanthanum-hiê)
Europium(lanthanum-hiê)
Gadolinium(lanthanum-hiê)
Terbium(lanthanum-hiê)
Dysprosium(lanthanum-hiê)
Holmium(lanthanum-hiê)
Erbium(lanthanum-hiê)
Thulium(lanthanum-hiê)
Ytterbium(lanthanum-hiê)
Lutetium(lanthanum-hiê)
Hafnium(guó-dô gĭng-sṳ̆k)
Tantalum(guó-dô gĭng-sṳ̆k)
Ŭ (gĭng-sṳ̆k)(guó-dô gĭng-sṳ̆k)
Rhenium(guó-dô gĭng-sṳ̆k)
Osmium(guó-dô gĭng-sṳ̆k)
Iridium(guó-dô gĭng-sṳ̆k)
Băh-gĭng(guó-dô gĭng-sṳ̆k)
Gĭng(guó-dô gĭng-sṳ̆k)
Cūi-ngṳ̀ng(guó-dô gĭng-sṳ̆k)
Thallium(bìng-gĭng-sṳ̆k)
Iòng (gĭng-sṳ̆k)(bìng-gĭng-sṳ̆k)
Bék (gĭng-sṳ̆k)(bìng-gĭng-sṳ̆k)
Polonium(bìng-gĭng-sṳ̆k)
Astatine(lū-só)
Radon(hĭ-iū ké-tā̤)
Francium(giĕng-gĭng-sṳ̆k)
Lòi (gĭng-sṳ̆k)(giĕng-tū gĭng-sṳ̆k)
Actinium(actinium-hiê)
Thorium(actinium-hiê)
Protactinium(actinium-hiê)
Iù (gĭng-sṳ̆k)(actinium-hiê)
Neptunium(actinium-hiê)
Plutonium(actinium-hiê)
Americium(actinium-hiê)
Curium(actinium-hiê)
Berkelium(actinium-hiê)
Californium(actinium-hiê)
Einsteinium(actinium-hiê)
Fermium(actinium-hiê)
Mendelevium(actinium-hiê)
Nobelium(actinium-hiê)
Lawrencium(actinium-hiê)
Rutherfordium(guó-dô gĭng-sṳ̆k)
Dubnium(guó-dô gĭng-sṳ̆k)
Seaborgium(guó-dô gĭng-sṳ̆k)
Bohrium(guó-dô gĭng-sṳ̆k)
Hassium(guó-dô gĭng-sṳ̆k)
Meitnerium(mâ̤ hiēu dĕk-séng)
Darmstadtium(mâ̤ hiēu dĕk-séng)
Roentgenium(mâ̤ hiēu dĕk-séng)
Copernicium(guó-dô gĭng-sṳ̆k)
Nihonium(mâ̤ hiēu dĕk-séng)
Flerovium(bìng-gĭng-sṳ̆k)
Moscovium(mâ̤ hiēu dĕk-séng)
Livermorium(mâ̤ hiēu dĕk-séng)
Tennessine(mâ̤ hiēu dĕk-séng)
Oganesson(mâ̤ hiēu dĕk-séng)
dâng

Lìng

piĕ
sĭkLìngliù-uòng
ngôi-guăng
mò̤ ngàng-sáik, băh, uòng, è̤ng, ciē, ŭ
gái-huóng
miàng-cê·hù-hô̤·sê̤ṳ-só Lìng (phosphorus)·P·15
nguòng-só lôi-biék hĭ-gĭng-sṳ̆k
ô sèng-âu dóng có̤ lôi-gĭng-sṳ̆k
cŭk·ciŭ-gĭ·kṳ̆ 15·3·p
nguòng-cṳ̄-liông 30.973761998(5)
diêng-cṳ̄ bà̤-buó

[Ne] 3s2 3p3
2, 8, 5

Lìng gì diêng cṳ̄ cèng (2, 8, 5)
Lĭk-sṳ̄
huák-hiêng Hennig Brand(1669 nièng)
Recognized as an element by Antoine Lavoisier[1] (1777)
ŭk-lī séng-cék
ŭk-tái gó-tā̤
mĭk-dô̤ (ciék-gê̤ṳng sék-ŭng)
white: 1.823 g·cm−3
red: ≈ 2.2–2.34 g·cm−3
violet: 2.36 g·cm−3
black: 2.69 g·cm−3
iòng-diēng white: 44.2 °C
black: 610 °C
sĭng-huà-diēng red: ≈ 416–590 °C
violet: 620 °C
bé-diēng white: 280.5 °C
iòng iĕk white: 0.66 kJ·mol−1
ké-huá iĕk white: 51.9 kJ·mol−1
bī-iĕk-ṳ̀ng white: 23.824 J·mol−1·K−1

cĭng-ké-ák((white))

ák/Pa 1 10 100 1 k 10 k 100 k
ŭng/K 279 307 342 388 453 549
cĭng-ké-ák
ák (Pa) 1 10 100 1 k 10 k 100 k
ŭng (K) 455 489 529 576 635 704
nguòng-cṳ̄ séng-cék
iōng-huá-tái 5, 4, 3, 2,[2] 1,[3] −1, −2, −3
((a mildly acidic oxide))
diêng-hô-séng 2.19 (Pauling biĕu-dô)
diêng-liê-nèng

dâ̤ 1: {{{1st ionization energy}}} kJ·mol−1
dâ̤ 2: {{{2nd ionization energy}}} kJ·mol−1

dâ̤ 3: {{{3rd ionization energy}}} kJ·mol−1
gê̤ṳng-gá buáng-géng 107±3 pm
Van der Waals buáng-géng 180 pm
gì-tă
cĭng-tā̤ giék-gáiu

body-centered cubic

Cṳ̀-sê̤ṳ white, red, violet, black: diamagnetic[4]
iĕk-dô̤-lŭk white: 0.236 W·m−1·K−1
iĕk-dô̤-lŭk black: 12.1 W·m−1·K−1
tā̤-cék muò-liông white: 5 GPa
red: 11 GPa
CAS hô̤ white: 12185-10-3
red: 7723-14-0
có̤i ūng-diâng gì dùng-ôi-só


dùng-ôi-só hŭng-dô buáng-sŏi-gĭ huŏng-sék nèng-liôngMeV sāng-ŭk
31P 100% ūng-dêng, dái 16 ciáh dṳ̆ng-cṳ̄
32P syn 14.28 d β 1.709 32S
33P syn 25.3 d β 0.249 33S

Lìng (燐, 磷) sê siŏh cṳ̄ng hĭ-gĭng-sṳ̆k nguòng-só. Nguòng-cṳ̄ sê̤ṳ-só sê 15, huá-hŏk hù-hô̤ sê P.

Chăng-kō̤ cṳ̆-lâiu[Siŭ-gāi | Gāi nguòng-mā]

  1. cf. "Memoir on Combustion in General" Mémoires de l'Académie Royale des Sciences 1777, 592–600. from Henry Marshall Leicester and Herbert S. Klickstein, A Source Book in Chemistry 1400–1900 (New York: McGraw Hill, 1952)
  2. webelements
  3. Ellis, Bobby D.; MacDonald, Charles L. B. Phosphorus(I) Iodide: A Versatile Metathesis Reagent for the Synthesis of Low Oxidation State Phosphorus Compounds. Inorganic Chemistry. 2006, 45 (17): 6864–74. PMID 16903744. doi:10.1021/ic060186o. 
  4. Magnetic susceptibility of the elements and inorganic compounds, in 模板:RubberBible86th