Táng

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Tiéu gáu: īng-dô̤, sìng-tō̤
Táng   6C
Kĭng(gì-tă hĭ-gĭng-sṳ̆k)
Hâi(hĭ-iū ké-tā̤)
Lī (gĭng-sṳ̆k)(giĕng-gĭng-sṳ̆k)
Pì (gĭng-sṳ̆k)(giĕng-tū gĭng-sṳ̆k)
Bèng(lôi-gĭng-sṳ̆k)
Táng(gì-tă hĭ-gĭng-sṳ̆k)
Dâng(gì-tă hĭ-gĭng-sṳ̆k)
Iōng(gì-tă hĭ-gĭng-sṳ̆k)
Hók (nguòng-só)(lū-só)
Neon(hĭ-iū ké-tā̤)
Năk(giĕng-gĭng-sṳ̆k)
Mī (gĭng-sṳ̆k)(giĕng-tū gĭng-sṳ̆k)
Lé̤ṳ(bìng-gĭng-sṳ̆k)
Sĭk (nguòng-só)(lôi-gĭng-sṳ̆k)
Lìng (nguòng-só)(gì-tă hĭ-gĭng-sṳ̆k)
Liù-uòng(gì-tă hĭ-gĭng-sṳ̆k)
Lṳ̆k (nguòng-só)(lū-só)
Ā (nguòng-só)(hĭ-iū ké-tā̤)
Gák (gĭng-sṳ̆k)(giĕng-gĭng-sṳ̆k)
Gái (gĭng-sṳ̆k)(giĕng-tū gĭng-sṳ̆k)
Scandium(guó-dô gĭng-sṳ̆k)
Titanium(guó-dô gĭng-sṳ̆k)
Vanadium(guó-dô gĭng-sṳ̆k)
Gáuk (gĭng-sṳ̆k)(guó-dô gĭng-sṳ̆k)
Mâing (gĭng-sṳ̆k)(guó-dô gĭng-sṳ̆k)
Tiék(guó-dô gĭng-sṳ̆k)
Gū (gĭng-sṳ̆k)(guó-dô gĭng-sṳ̆k)
Ngiĕk(guó-dô gĭng-sṳ̆k)
Dè̤ng(guó-dô gĭng-sṳ̆k)
Ā-iòng(guó-dô gĭng-sṳ̆k)
Gallium(bìng-gĭng-sṳ̆k)
Germanium(lôi-gĭng-sṳ̆k)
Piĕ (nguòng-só)(lôi-gĭng-sṳ̆k)
Să̤ (gó-tā̤)(gì-tă hĭ-gĭng-sṳ̆k)
Chéu (nguòng-só)(lū-só)
Káik (nguòng-só)(hĭ-iū ké-tā̤)
Rubidium(giĕng-gĭng-sṳ̆k)
Strontium(giĕng-tū gĭng-sṳ̆k)
Yttrium(guó-dô gĭng-sṳ̆k)
Zirconium(guó-dô gĭng-sṳ̆k)
Niobium(guó-dô gĭng-sṳ̆k)
Mŭk (gĭng-sṳ̆k)(guó-dô gĭng-sṳ̆k)
Technetium(guó-dô gĭng-sṳ̆k)
Ruthenium(guó-dô gĭng-sṳ̆k)
Rhodium(guó-dô gĭng-sṳ̆k)
Bă (gĭng-sṳ̆k)(guó-dô gĭng-sṳ̆k)
Ngṳ̀ng(guó-dô gĭng-sṳ̆k)
Gáik (gĭng-sṳ̆k)(guó-dô gĭng-sṳ̆k)
Indium(bìng-gĭng-sṳ̆k)
Sék(bìng-gĭng-sṳ̆k)
Dà̤ (gĭng-sṳ̆k)(lôi-gĭng-sṳ̆k)
Dá̤ (nguòng-só)(lôi-gĭng-sṳ̆k)
Diēng(lū-só)
Să̤ (ké-tā̤)(hĭ-iū ké-tā̤)
Caesium(giĕng-gĭng-sṳ̆k)
Barium(giĕng-tū gĭng-sṳ̆k)
Lanthanum(lanthanum-hiê)
Cerium(lanthanum-hiê)
Praseodymium(lanthanum-hiê)
Neodymium(lanthanum-hiê)
Promethium(lanthanum-hiê)
Samarium(lanthanum-hiê)
Europium(lanthanum-hiê)
Gadolinium(lanthanum-hiê)
Terbium(lanthanum-hiê)
Dysprosium(lanthanum-hiê)
Holmium(lanthanum-hiê)
Erbium(lanthanum-hiê)
Thulium(lanthanum-hiê)
Ytterbium(lanthanum-hiê)
Lutetium(lanthanum-hiê)
Hafnium(guó-dô gĭng-sṳ̆k)
Tantalum(guó-dô gĭng-sṳ̆k)
Ŭ (gĭng-sṳ̆k)(guó-dô gĭng-sṳ̆k)
Rhenium(guó-dô gĭng-sṳ̆k)
Osmium(guó-dô gĭng-sṳ̆k)
Iridium(guó-dô gĭng-sṳ̆k)
Băh-gĭng(guó-dô gĭng-sṳ̆k)
Gĭng(guó-dô gĭng-sṳ̆k)
Cūi-ngṳ̀ng(guó-dô gĭng-sṳ̆k)
Siă (gĭng-sṳ̆k)(bìng-gĭng-sṳ̆k)
Iòng (gĭng-sṳ̆k)(bìng-gĭng-sṳ̆k)
Bék (gĭng-sṳ̆k)(bìng-gĭng-sṳ̆k)
Polonium(bìng-gĭng-sṳ̆k)
Astatine(lū-só)
Radon(hĭ-iū ké-tā̤)
Francium(giĕng-gĭng-sṳ̆k)
Lòi (gĭng-sṳ̆k)(giĕng-tū gĭng-sṳ̆k)
Actinium(actinium-hiê)
Thorium(actinium-hiê)
Protactinium(actinium-hiê)
Iù (gĭng-sṳ̆k)(actinium-hiê)
Neptunium(actinium-hiê)
Plutonium(actinium-hiê)
Americium(actinium-hiê)
Curium(actinium-hiê)
Berkelium(actinium-hiê)
Californium(actinium-hiê)
Einsteinium(actinium-hiê)
Fermium(actinium-hiê)
Mendelevium(actinium-hiê)
Nobelium(actinium-hiê)
Lawrencium(actinium-hiê)
Rutherfordium(guó-dô gĭng-sṳ̆k)
Dubnium(guó-dô gĭng-sṳ̆k)
Seaborgium(guó-dô gĭng-sṳ̆k)
Bohrium(guó-dô gĭng-sṳ̆k)
Hassium(guó-dô gĭng-sṳ̆k)
Meitnerium(mâ̤ hiēu dĕk-séng)
Darmstadtium(mâ̤ hiēu dĕk-séng)
Roentgenium(mâ̤ hiēu dĕk-séng)
Copernicium(guó-dô gĭng-sṳ̆k)
Nihonium(mâ̤ hiēu dĕk-séng)
Flerovium(bìng-gĭng-sṳ̆k)
Moscovium(mâ̤ hiēu dĕk-séng)
Livermorium(mâ̤ hiēu dĕk-séng)
Tennessine(mâ̤ hiēu dĕk-séng)
Oganesson(mâ̤ hiēu dĕk-séng)
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Táng

Sĭk
BèngTángDâng
ngôi-guăng
táu-mìng (cōng), hĕ̤k-ciā ŭ-sáik (siŏh-mĕ̤k)


Táng gì guŏng-puō-siáng
gái-huóng
miàng-cê·hù-hô̤·sê̤ṳ-só Táng (Carbonium)·C·6
nguòng-só lôi-biék hĭ-gĭng-sṳ̆k
cŭk·ciŭ-gĭ·kṳ̆ 14·2·p
nguòng-cṳ̄-liông 12.011(1)
diêng-cṳ̄ bà̤-buó

[He] 2s2 2p2
2, 4

Táng gì diêng cṳ̄ cèng (2, 4)
ŭk-lī séng-cék
ŭk-tái gó-tā̤
mĭk-dô̤ (ciék-gê̤ṳng sék-ŭng)
mò̤ diâng-hìng: [1]1.8–2.1 g·cm−3
mĭk-dô̤ (ciék-gê̤ṳng sék-ŭng)
cōng: 3.515 g·cm−3
mĭk-dô̤ (ciék-gê̤ṳng sék-ŭng)
siŏh-mĕ̤k: 2.267 g·cm−3
sĭng-huà-diēng 3915 K,3642 °C,6588 °F
săng-siông-diēng 4600 K(4327 °C), 10800[2][3] kPa
iòng iĕk 117 (siŏh-mĕ̤k) kJ·mol−1
bī-iĕk-ṳ̀ng 6.155 (cōng)
8.517 (siŏh-mĕ̤k) J·mol−1·K−1
cĭng-ké-ák
nguòng-cṳ̄ séng-cék
iōng-huá-tái 4, 3[4], 2, 1[5], 0, −1, −2, −3, −4[6]
diêng-hô-séng 2.55 (Pauling biĕu-dô)
diêng-liê-nèng

dâ̤ 1: 1086.5 kJ·mol−1
dâ̤ 2: 2352.6 kJ·mol−1

dâ̤ 3: 4620.5 kJ·mol−1
gê̤ṳng-gá buáng-géng 77(sp³), 73(sp²), 69(sp) pm
Van der Waals buáng-géng 170 pm
gì-tă
cĭng-tā̤ giék-gáiu

cōng


(cōng, táu-mìng)

lĕ̤k-huŏng

Táng ô lĕ̤k-huŏng gĭng-tā̤ giék-gáiu

(siŏh-mĕ̤k, ŭ-sáik)
Cṳ̀-sê̤ṳ huāng-cṳ̀-séng[7]
iĕk-dô̤-lŭk 900-2300 (cōng)
119-165 (siŏh-mĕ̤k) W·m−1·K−1
pàng-dióng hiê-só (25 °C)0.8 (cōng)[8] µm·m−1·K−1
siăng-sók (20 °C)18350 (cōng) m·s−1
Young muò-liông 1050 (cōng)[8] GPa
cēng-ciék muò-liông 478 (cōng)[8] GPa
tā̤-cék muò-liông 442 (cōng)[8] GPa
Poisson bī 0.1 (cōng)[8]
Mohs ngâing-dô̤ 10 (cōng)
1-2 (graphite)
CAS hô̤ 7440-44-0
có̤i ūng-diâng gì dùng-ôi-só


dùng-ôi-só hŭng-dô buáng-sŏi-gĭ huŏng-sék nèng-liôngMeV sāng-ŭk
11C ìng-cô̤ 20 hŭng-cṳ̆ng β+ 0.96 11B
12C 98.9% ūng-dêng, dái 6 ciáh dṳ̆ng-cṳ̄
13C 1.1% ūng-dêng, dái 7 ciáh dṳ̆ng-cṳ̄
14C hèng-liông 5730 nièng β 0.15 0 14N

Táng (碳, 炭) sê siŏh cṳ̄ng hĭ-gĭng-sṳ̆k nguòng-só. Nguòng-cṳ̄ sê̤ṳ-só sê 6, huá-hŏk hù-hô̤ sê C.

Huá-hŏk séng-cék[Siŭ-gāi | Gāi nguòng-mā]

Éng-ê̤ṳng[Siŭ-gāi | Gāi nguòng-mā]

Cié-chṳ̄[Siŭ-gāi | Gāi nguòng-mā]

Chăng-kō̤[Siŭ-gāi | Gāi nguòng-mā]

  1. 模板:RubberBible86th
  2. Haaland, D. Graphite-liquid-vapor triple point pressure and the density of liquid carbon. Carbon. 1976, 14 (6): 357. doi:10.1016/0008-6223(76)90010-5. 
  3. Savvatimskiy, A. Measurements of the melting point of graphite and the properties of liquid carbon (a review for 1963–2003). Carbon. 2005, 43 (6): 1115. doi:10.1016/j.carbon.2004.12.027. 
  4. 模板:Citeweb
  5. 模板:Citeweb
  6. 模板:Citeweb
  7. Magnetic susceptibility of the elements and inorganic compounds, in Handbook of Chemistry and Physics 81st edition, CRC press.
  8. 8.0 8.1 8.2 8.3 8.4 Properties of diamond, Ioffe Institute Database